Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752 – 1834)


Jacquard was a French weaver who invented the first programmable loom which played an important role in the development of other programmable machines, such as computers.

The Jacquard Loom is a mechanical loom that has holes punched in pasteboard, each row of which corresponds to one row of the design. Multiple rows of holes are punched on each card and the many cards that compose the design of the textile are strung together in order.

Fun facts:

  • His last name was actually Charles. In his grandfather’s generation, several branches of the Charles family lived in Lyon’s Couzon-au-Mont d’Or suburb. To distinguish the various branches, they were given nicknames; Joseph’s branch was dubbed the “Jacquard” Charles.

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